General assumption in developing countries like India is that national interest covers only national security, military and diplomacy. In limited cases trade and economic treaties are considered. Rarely 'technology' is factored in. Even, if it were, policy analysts and policy makers concentrate on military technologies or other 'dual use' technologies like nuclear and missiles. In reality 'technology' in various other civilian sectors are equally critical as national interest issue. Countries like India which depend predominantly on imported technologies and know how for their economic growth need to acquire some minimum endogenous technological capabilities for at least for parts of products and services. A set of view graphs presented at ICRIER recently provide policy approach for actions.